Exterior Collection

 
 
 
The collection of artillery weapons was a base of the first permanent exhibition of the Military Museum in 1904. Beside two cannons that were placed in front of the Museum’s entrance, a larger number of muzzle-loading cannons, of which four of them were Karađorđe`s cannons cast in Serbian foundry in 1811 were decorating the exhibit space.
 
As most of the collections, this one has also been destroyed in both World Wars. After the Second World War some of the objects remained: about twenty cannons and howitzers used during the Balkan Wars and the First World War, which were obtained in 1935 from the “Military Technical Works” in Kragujevac, and three coastal-gun barrels brought in 1936 from Kladovo Fortress. In years after the war, collecting of objects has continued, so a large number of artillery weapons and armoured vehicles captured during the last war have arrived in the Museum. Also, in late 60’s Museum collected about twenty heavy coastal cannons from the Adriatic coast.
 
After the Second World War some of the objects remained: about twenty cannons and howitzers used during the Balkan Wars and the First World War, which were obtained in 1935 from the “Military Technical Works” in Kragujevac, and three coastal-gun barrels brought in 1936 from Kladovo Fortress. In years after the war, collecting of objects has continued, so a large number of artillery weapons and armoured vehicles captured during the last war have arrived in the Museum.
 
Artillery weapons from the end of the 19th and from the 20th century in the exterior of the Military Museum are representing products of the leading European artillery manufacturers at the time: Schneider, Skodawerke, Krupp, Rheinmetall, Societe Anonyme des Anciens Etablissements Cail etc. Beside the pieces that were bought by the Military Museum, there are artillery weapons exhibited in the exterior, which were captured during the First World War; then weapons bought from French during the breakthrough of the Salonica front; weapons that were in Austrian service and found in the storehouses after the First World War. There are also pieces that have been bought by Kingdom of SHS for its army.
 
After the Second World War, many armoured vehicles have also arrived to Military Museum, and very rare examples were among them. The attention of the visitors is especially attracted by large number of armoured transport vehicles, light tanks and tanks from many different countries (Poland, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Germany, USSR and USA). Some of them are especially outstanding: Polish light tank TK-F which was produced in only 18 examples, and the only one preserved is the one that is exhibited in the Museum’s exterior. It is a similar case to the German light tank PzKpfw I Ausf I VK 1801 which was produced in only 30 examples and Yugoslav A1 tank that is produced in only 5 examples in factory Petar Drapšin.
 
In the exterior of the Military Museum, there are also lot of artillery weapons that have been captured from Italians and Germans during the Second World War.
After almost one century of industrious collecting of weapons one of the rarest and most valuable collections of artillery weapons and armoured vehicles in Europe has been created.
 

Curator of the Collection – museum advisor PhD Mirko Peković

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